Aditya-L1 is Successfully Launch by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Aditya-L1 is Successfully Launch? The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is Successfully launch Aditya-L1 mission from Sriharikota’s second launch pad at 11:50 AM on Saturday following a successful lunar landing. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), the workhorse launch vehicle of India, will be used to deploy the 1,480 kilogram spacecraft into a very elliptical orbit that will range in altitude from 235 kilometers to 19,500 kilometers. With six solid-fueled boosters, the PSLV will need slightly over an hour to place the satellite in its desired orbit.

Aditya-L1 Mission: Exploring the Sun’s Secrets from an Uninterrupted Orbit

The first space mission from India to study the Sun will be called Aditya L1. This unique spacecraft will be launched into a specific orbit around the Lagrange point 1 (L1), a location in space 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. The best feature of this orbit is that there won’t ever be any obstructions like shadows or eclipses, thus the satellite will always have a clear view of the Sun. This will provide us with an incredible opportunity to closely monitor the Sun’s activity and how it affects space weather in real-time.

IS Aditya-L1 Successfully Launch by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

The orbit and speed of the spacecraft will gradually rise until it approaches the Sun. The L1 point, at a distance of around 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, will be reached in about four months (125 days). The spacecraft will then be positioned in a halo orbit near the L1 point. The mission’s seven scientific experiments will keep collecting data for the next five years.

The corona, the topmost layer of the Sun’s atmosphere, will be the subject of Aditya-L1’s research. It will guarantee that Earth’s atmosphere, magnetic fields, and dust particles have no impact on measurements of the solar atmosphere made from space.

The payloads and their capabilities are listed below by ISRO:

Payloads for remote sensing: VELC (Visible Emission Line Coronagraph)

Imaging and Spectroscopy of the Corona (CIS)

SUIT, short for Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope

Narrowband and wideband Photosphere and Chromosphere Imaging (PCI)

Solar SoLEXS, a Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer

HEL1OS, or High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer

Payloads in-place:

SWEP: Solar Wind Particle Experiment

SWaP, short for Solar Wind and Plasma Analyzer

PAPPS, short for Plasma Analyzer Package for Plumes and Shocks

Digital Magnetometer with Advanced Triaxial High Resolution (ADITRI)

The Solar Mission, which comes after the famous Chandrayaan-3 mission that made India one of only four countries capable of soft-landing on the Moon, intends to offer the best viewing opportunities for studying the Sun. According to Ramesh, a professor at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, the best time to launch a trip to the L1 point is between January and September because of the fuel needs and the planets’ positions. The good news is that the spacecraft will enter its intended orbit in early 2024, giving it enough time to observe the ascending and falling solar cycles in 2025 for several months. Typically, the solar cycle has an 11-year cycle.

Initially envisioned in 2006 as a mission to study the Sun’s corona from the lower Earth orbit, the mission was later revamped with more sophisticated instruments from the satellite bus category, capable of studying solar events without the hindrance of Earth’s interference, providing a clear view of the Sun from the L1 point.

Between two celestial bodies, there exist five Lagrange points. These points can act as parking spots in space where the gravitational pull of celestial bodies is balanced, allowing a satellite to remain in position without expending a significant amount of fuel.

The mission’s main objective is to learn as much as possible about our nearest star and how its radiation, heat, and particles impact us. Researchers will be able to observe the solar corona’s lowest layers thanks to cutting-edge scientific investigations, which may help them understand why the corona is over a million degrees Celsius while the Sun’s surface is only 5,500 degrees Celsius.

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