Sulfur and other Elements found on the Moon by the Chandrayaan Rover: ISRO

Sulfur and other elements like Aluminum (Al), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), titanium (Ti) silicon (Si), oxygen (O), and manganese (Mn) are  found on the Moon by the Chandrayaan rover: ISRO

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) reported on Tuesday that a different sensor aboard Chandrayaan-3 had detected the presence of numerous elements on the lunar surface after releasing data from an instrument that analyses the temperature profile of the lunar surface.


Unlocking Lunar Secrets: Chandrayaan-3 Detects Surprising Sulfur Presence and Elemental Composition on the Moon

Specifically, it has gathered signals that demonstrate the presence of sulfur (S), an element for which there was no prior direct evidence. The Chandrayaan-3 rover’s Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument has carried out an in-situ measurement of the basic lunar surface structure close to the southern pole. According to ISRO, this in-situ measurement proves that sulfur (S) is present in the area, something that was impossible to determine using instrumentation on orbiters.

Sulfur and other elements found on the Moon by the Chandrayaan rover ISRO

Aluminum (Al), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), and titanium (Ti) are all present on the lunar surface, according to the preliminary analysis. Later measurements revealed the presence of silicon (Si), oxygen (O), and manganese (Mn). Regarding the existence of hydrogen, more research was being done, it stated.

Revealing Lunar Mysteries: Chandrayaan-3’s Quest to Uncover Elemental Secrets on the Moon

One of the main scientific goals of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is to gather data about the presence and quantity of different elements on the Moon. Several instruments are working toward this purpose. A high-energy pulser is used by ISRO’s Electro-Optics System Laboratory (EEOS) to create plasma from rocks or dirt for the LIBS sensor on the rover. Elements generate distinctive wavelength patterns in the plasma state that can be used to recognize them.

Through the LIBS instrument, all the indicated elements are located on the Moon. This information will improve our existing understanding. For instance, evidence of sulfur can shed light on the genesis and evolution of the Moon. Given that sulfur is frequently linked to volcanic activity, the Moon’s existence may provide information about its past and present.

Isro’s task of processing and analyzing Chandrayaan-3’s data for deeper insights is titled “Unveiling the Path Forward.”

“ISRO must examine and assess the data being released from Chandrayaan-3 in order to draw deeper conclusions. Anil Bharadwaj, Director of the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad, who has been heavily involved in this work, said that what ISRO is now doing is providing a peek of the activities of experiments and instruments on the Moon and underlining the nature of these processes.

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Such data will be gathered as part of the Chandrayaan-3 mission, which also entails the creation of the CHASTE (Chandrayaan’s Surface Thermo-physical Experiment) payload, attached to the lander module. For instance, the information regarding the lunar surface temperature that was made public on Sunday was merely a snapshot of measurements made by the CHASTE instrument. These numbers will change over time. Multiple observations, experiments, and data collection are being carried out simultaneously by the instruments on Chandrayaan-3. Ground stations are receiving all of this data transmission. Following the expedition, in-depth analysis of these data will be conducted by specialists in these domains. We won’t be able to assess the mission’s results’ novel or ground-breaking findings until that time, he continued.

The journey of Chandrayaan-3 through the vastness of space is a unique investigation into the secrets of the moon. A big step has been made with the recent discovery of elemental presence on the Moon, especially with the confirmation of Sulphur’s existence. The Chandrayaan-3 Rover has gone where no one else has gone to study the lunar surface composition close to the South Pole using the ground-breaking Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument. These innovations, which have increased our understanding, are the result of ISRO’s unrelenting dedication.

The elements discovered, such as Aluminum, Calcium, and Sulfur, are threads in the complex fabric of lunar history. This mission is important since it aims to comprehend our celestial neighbor by learning about its past and figuring out what it is really made of. ISRO’s duty of processing and analyzing the data as it comes in from the Moon is essential for revealing the tale that lies therein. We eagerly anticipate the discoveries that diligent researchers will make from this wealth of data. The Chandrayaan-3 expedition continues to be illuminating and inspiring, promising fresh stories that will influence our understanding of the cosmos.

https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/india/rover-finds-sulphur-hints-at-oxygen-presence-539518



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